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Diabetes most prevalent in Southern US

Submitted by on 3 July, 2022 – 4:36 pm
Prevalence of diabetes is higher in southern and Appalachian states and lowest in the Midwest and Northeast United States. Researchers writing in open access journal BioMed Central’s population Health Metrics have used two public data sources to investigate the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes at the State level.

Goodarz Danaei, School of Public Health at Harvard, Boston, worked with a team of researchers to combine data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. He said: “Diabetes mellitus is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States, representing approximately 70,000 deaths per year. To our knowledge, this is the first study to estimate the actual level of the disease of diabetes is in every state and how the different performance states in terms of diagnosis compared with undiagnosed diabetes.

The age standardized prevalence of diabetes was higher in Mississippi, West Virginia, Louisiana, Texas, South Carolina, Alabama and Georgia, ranging from 15.8% to 16.6% for men and 12.4% at 14 , 8% for women. The lower prevalence found in Vermont, Minnesota, Montana and Colorado, only 7% of women in the Northeast and some western states. These results now provide only estimates of total diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes in U.S. states. According Danaei, “States like Minnesota and Alabama, with higher prevalence of diabetes estimated in our analysis also have higher levels of blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk. This concentration of cardiovascular risk and diabetes points to the need for lifestyle and health care interventions in these states. ”

The researchers hope their data will provide motivation, guidance and benchmarks for the design, implementation and evaluation of prevention of diabetes and level of state control programs at the state level.

More information: Diabetes prevalence and diagnosis in US states: analysis of health surveys; Goodarz Danaei, Ari B Friedman, Shefali Oza, Christopher JL Murray and Majid Ezzati; Population Health Metrics (in press);

Source: BioMed Central (web)

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